Automating Administration with Windows PowerShell - M10961-IT Course Outline

(5 Days) - Learning Credits Accepted

Overview

This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge and skills to use Windows PowerShell for administering and automating administration of Windows servers. This course provides students the skills to identify and build the command they require to perform a specific task. In addition, students learn how to build scripts to accomplish advanced tasks such as automating repetitive tasks and generating reports. This course provides prerequisite skills supporting a broad range of Microsoft products, including Windows Server, Windows Client, Microsoft Exchange Server, Microsoft SharePoint Server, Microsoft SQL Server, System Center, and more. In keeping with that goal, this course will not focus on any one of those products, although Windows Server, which is the common platform for all of those products, will serve as the example for the techniques this course teaches.

Audience Profile

This course is intended for IT Professionals who are already experienced in general Windows Server and Windows Client administration, and who want to learn more about using Windows PowerShell for administration. No prior experience with any version of Windows PowerShell, or any scripting language, is assumed. This course is also suitable for IT Professionals already experienced in server administration, including Exchange Server, SharePoint Server, SQL Server, System Center, and others.

Prerequisites

  • Experience with Windows networking technologies and implementation.
  • Experience with Windows Server administration, maintenance, and troubleshooting.
  • Experience with Windows Client administration, maintenance, and troubleshooting
  • Students who attend this training can meet the prerequisites by obtaining equivalent knowledge and skills through practical experience as a Windows system administrator. No prerequisite courses are required.

At Course Completion

After completing this course, students will be able to:

  • Describe the functionality of Windows PowerShell and use it to run and find basic commands.
  • Identify and run cmdlets for server administration.
  • Work with Windows PowerShell pipeline.
  • Describe the techniques Windows PowerShell pipeline uses.
  • Use PSProviders and PSDrives to work with other forms of storage.
  • Query system information by using WMI and CIM.
  • Work with variables, arrays, and hash tables.
  • Write basic scripts in Windows PowerShell.
  • Write advanced scripts in Windows PowerShell.
  • Administer remote computers.
  • Use background jobs and scheduled jobs.
  • Use advanced Windows PowerShell techniques.

Course Outline

Module 1: Getting started with Windows PowerShell

This module will introduce you to Windows PowerShell and provide an overview of the product’s functionality. The module shows you how to open and configure the shell for use and how to run commands within the shell. The module also introduces the built-in Help system in Windows PowerShell.

Lessons

  • Overview and background of Windows PowerShell
  • Understanding command syntax
  • Finding commands

Lab : Configuring Windows PowerShell

  • Configuring the Windows PowerShell console
  • Configuring the Windows PowerShell ISE application

Lab : Finding and running basic commands

  • Finding commands
  • Running commands
  • Using the About files

After completing this module, students will be able to:

  • Open and configure Windows PowerShell.
  • Find and run Windows PowerShell commands.
  • Run commands by using the correct command and parameter syntax.

Module 2: Cmdlets for administration

This module introduces you to the cmdlets commonly used for administration. While you can search for cmdlets each time you need to accomplish a task, it is more efficient to have at least a basic understanding of the cmdlets available for system administration.

Lessons

  • Active Directory administration cmdlets
  • Network configuration cmdlets
  • Other server administration cmdlets

Lab : Windows Administration

  • Creating and managing Active Directory objects
  • Configuring network settings on Windows Server
  • Creating a web site

After completing this module, students will be able to:

  • Identify and use cmdlets for Active Directory administration.
  • Identify and use cmdlets for network configuration.
  • Identify and use cmdlets for other server administration tasks.

Module 3: Working with the Windows PowerShell pipeline

This module introduces the pipeline feature of Windows PowerShell. Although the pipeline feature is included in several command-line shells such as the command prompt in the Windows operating system, the pipeline feature in Windows PowerShell provides more complex, more flexible, and more capable functionalities compared to other shells. This module provides you with the skills and knowledge that will help you use the shell more effectively and efficiently.

Lessons

  • Understanding the pipeline
  • Selecting, sorting, and measuring objects
  • Filtering objects out of the pipeline
  • Enumerating objects in the pipeline
  • Sending pipeline data as output

Lab : Using the pipeline

  • Selecting, sorting, and displaying data

Lab : Filtering objects

  • Filtering objects

Lab : Enumerating objects

  • Enumerating objects

Lab : Sending output to a file

  • Exporting user information to a file

After completing this module, students will be able to:

  • Describe the purpose of the Windows PowerShell pipeline.
  • Select, sort, and measure objects in the pipeline.
  • Filter objects out of the pipeline.
  • Enumerate objects in the pipeline.
  • Send output consisting of pipeline data.

Module 4: Understanding how the pipeline works

This module shows you how Windows PowerShell passes objects from one command to another in the pipeline. The shell provides two techniques that you can use. Knowing how these techniques work, and which one will be used in a given scenario, lets you construct more useful and complex command lines.

Lessons

  • Passing the pipeline data
  • Advanced considerations for pipeline data

Lab : Working with pipeline parameter binding

  • Predicting pipeline behaviour

After completing this module, students will be able to:

  • Pass data by using the ByValue technique.
  • Describe the advanced techniques for passing pipeline data.

Module 5: Using PSProviders and PSDrives

This module introduces the PSProviders and PSDrives adapters. A PSProvider is basically a Windows PowerShell adapter that makes some form of storage resemble a disk drive. A PSDrive is an actual connection to a form of storage. You can use these two adapters to work with various forms of storage by using the same commands and techniques that you use to manage the file system.

Lessons

  • Using PSProviders
  • Using PSDrives

Lab : Using PSProviders and PSDrives

  • Creating files and folders on a remote computer
  • Creating a registry key for your future scripts
  • Create a new Active Directory group

After completing this module, students will be able to:

  • Use PSProviders.
  • Use PSDrives.

Module 6: Querying system information by using WMI and CIM

This module introduces you to two parallel technologies: Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) and Common Information Model (CIM). Both these technologies provide local and remote access to a repository of management information including access to robust information available from the operating system, computer hardware, and installed software.

Lessons

  • Understanding WMI and CIM
  • Querying data by using WMI and CIM
  • Making changes with WMI/CIM

Lab : Working with WMI and CIM

  • Querying information by using WMI
  • Querying information by using CIM
  • Invoking methods

After completing this module, students will be able to:

  • Explain the differences between Common Information Model (CIM) and Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI).
  • Query management information by using CIM and WMI.
  • Invoke methods by using CIM and WMI.

Module 7: Working with variables, arrays, and hash tables

This module provides you the skills and knowledge required to use variables, arrays, and hash tables in Windows PowerShell.

Lessons

  • Using variables.
  • Manipulating variables.
  • Manipulating arrays and hash tables.

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